StratPost India's first news website on South Asian military & strategic affairs, aerospace, defense industry, technologies and equipment. Mon, 25 Jan 2016 21:04:47 +0000 en-US hourly 1 11 army personnel cited for gallantry Mon, 25 Jan 2016 20:00:12 +0000

ArmyRepublic Day (600 x 500)

The President of India, Pranab Mukherjee has approved the award of one Ashok Chakra, two Kirti Chakras and eight Shaurya Chakras to the Indian Army personnel on the occasion of Republic Day 2016. Five of the eleven awards are posthumous.

Here are the citations, released by the army.

Ashok Chakra

Lance Naik Mohan Nath Goswami, Ashok Chakra (Posthumous), 9 PARA (Special Forces)  | Photo: Indian Army

Lance Naik Mohan Nath Goswami, Ashok Chakra (Posthumous), 9 PARA (Special Forces) | Photo: Indian Army

On the intervening night of 02/03 September 2015 Lance Naik Mohan Nath Goswami was part of an ambush in Haphruda forest at Kupwara district of Jammu & Kashmir. At about 2015hrs, there was a fierce encounter with four terrorists wherein two of his comrades were injured and pinned down. Lance Naik Mohan along with his buddy dashed forward to rescue their injured colleagues, knowing well the risks to their own lives. He first assisted in eliminating one terrorist. Sensing grave danger to three of his wounded colleagues, Lance Naik Mohan with utter disregard to his own personal safety, charged at the remaining terrorists drawing intense fire from them. He was hit in the thigh. Unmindful, he closed in and eliminated one terrorist, injured another and was again shot in the abdomen. Undeterred by his injuries, he hurled himself on the last terrorist and killed him at point blank range before succumbing to his wounds. Lance Naik Mohan not only killed two terrorists, but also assisted in neutralizing the other two and save the lives of three of his wounded colleagues.

Thus, Lance Naik Mohan Nath Goswami exhibited most conspicuous gallantry in personally eliminating two terrorists and assisting in evacuation of his wounded colleagues and made supreme sacrifice in the highest traditions of the Indian Army. Lance Naik Mohan Nath Goswami is awarded “ASHOK CHAKRA (POSTHUMOUS)”.

Kirti Chakra

Subedar Mahendra Singh, Sena Medal, Kirti Chakra, 9 PARA (Special Force) | Photo: Indian Army

Subedar Mahendra Singh, Sena Medal, Kirti Chakra, 9 PARA (Special Force) | Photo: Indian Army

Subedar Mahendra Singh was a veteran of numerous firefights, where, time and again his inspiring leadership, resilience and courage resulted in outstanding successes. He had been awarded Sena Medal on the Line of Control for exemplary courage and initiative wherein he shot dead a Pakistan Regular Army in 2013.

On 02 Sep 2015 at 2015 hours, contact was established with terrorists in Darel forest at Kupwara district of Jammu and Kashmir resulting in multiple splinter injuries to two comrades. Displaying exemplary leadership, the JCO moved with Lance Naik Mohan Nath Goswami to evacuate his comrades, drawing heavy fire in the process. Sensing the danger to his men, Subedar Mahendra immediately returned fire and displaying raw aggression charged and eliminated one terrorist at close quarters. His audaciousness startled the other terrorist who opened indiscriminate fire at him. Undeterred, he closed in with the terrorists when one terrorist rushed out firing and grievously wounded Subedar Mahendra in the abdomen. Despite his injury which paralysed him below the waist, he shot dead the terrorist at point blank range. Heedless of the threat posed by the terrorist fire and his incapacitating wound, he, in order to prevent any further casualties, forbade all attempts to evacuate him and endured tremendous pain to extricate himself.

For his exemplary leadership, selflessness and courage beyond compare while eliminating two foreign terrorists and assisting in casualty evacuation despite being paralysed below the waist, Subedar Mahendra Singh, Sena Medal is awarded “KIRTI CHAKRA”.

Sepoy Jagdish Chand Kirti Chakra (Posthumous), 546 DSC Platoon | Photo: Indian Army

Sepoy Jagdish Chand Kirti Chakra (Posthumous), 546 DSC Platoon | Photo: Indian Army

Sepoy Jagdish Chand was posted with 546 Defence Service Platoon attached with 18 Wing Air Force. On the night 01/02 Jan 2016 at 0330 hr while the individual was working on bonafide military duty at Defence Service Corps lines, five to six heavily armed terrorists entered the lines and opened indiscriminate fire on the troops working in the said location. The heavy firing resulted in two of his colleagues being fatally wounded. Showing presence of mind and conspicuous bravery Sepoy Jagdish Chand unmindful of his own safety ran after the closest terrorist, chased and overpowered him. Sepoy Jagdish Chand snatched the terrorist’s weapon to shoot him dead. In the process two more terrorists in vicinity opened fire on SepoyJagdish Chand killing him on the spot.

The great presence of mind, unmatched bravery and valour by Sepoy Jagdish Chand minimized further loss of lives and gave time for the quick reaction teams in the vicinity to react. Sepoy Jagdish Chand’s actions was also a setback to the terrorists. For his unparalled act of bravery Sepoy Jagdish Chand is awarded ‘KIRTI CHAKRA (POSTHUMOUS)’

Shaurya Chakra

Colonel Santosh Yashwant Mahadik Shaurya Chakra (Posthumous), Sena Medal, 41 Rashtriya Rifle (PARA) | Photo: Indian Army

Colonel Santosh Yashwant Mahadik Shaurya Chakra (Posthumous), Sena Medal, 41 Rashtriya Rifle (PARA) | Photo: Indian Army

Colonel Santosh Yashwant Mahadik, SM, a dynamic officer from the Parachute Regiment (Special Forces) was commanding 41 Rashtriya Rifles from July 2014. Col Santosh with his inspirational leadership and humane skills and altered the narrative of Kupwara town through successful OP SADBHAVANA initiatives in education, sports and health care.

Colonel Santosh was leading a search operation based on specific input about the likely presence of terrorists in general area Manigah Forest of Kupwara district of Jammu and Kashmir on 17 November 2015. At about 1215 hours, he received an input about the likely movement of terrorists in the forested area near Kashmiri Manigah. Always having led from the front, Colonel Santosh alongwith his Quick Reaction Team (QRT) expeditiously moved to the suspected site. As the team was deploying, they came under heavy and effective fire of terrorists hiding in the forest. Pinned down by the terrorists fire in the open, he immediately maneuvered to outflank the terrorists and engaged them from an advantageous position. Undeterred by the heavy volume of terrorists fire and with utter disregard to personal safety, Colonel Santosh provided his troops an opportunity to take cover. In the fire fight however, he suffered multiple gunshot wounds. Unmindful of his grievous injuries, Colonel Santosh kept the terrorists pinned down till he was evacuated. He later succumbed to his injuries and attained martyrdom.

Colonel Santosh Y Mahadik made the supreme sacrifice in keeping with the highest traditions of the Indian Army while ensuring safety of the troops he commanded and personally led from the forefront.

For this act of exemplary leadership, exceptional gallantry and utmost dedication to duty even at the peril of his own life, Colonel Santosh Yashwant Mahadik is awarded “Shaurya Chakra (POSTHUMOUS)”

Major Praphul Kumar Bhardwaj, Shaurya Chakra, 12 PARA (Special Forces) | Photo: Indian Army

Major Praphul Kumar Bhardwaj, Shaurya Chakra, 12 PARA (Special Forces) | Photo: Indian Army

Major Praphul Kumar Bhardwaj launched a special operation in Awankhu village in Phek district of Nagaland, 120 km from the closest existing Assam Rifles post on the night of 13 July 15. Negotiating thick forests and treacherous slopes in extreme and inclement weather, Major Praphul’s party reached the target at 2300 hours, 15 July 15.

At 2345 hours, on observing some movement around a hut, Major Praphul along with a buddy pair closed in to ascertain the movement upon which they drew heavy volume of fire. Sensing danger to his party, in absence of any cover and accurate incoming fire, Major Praphul charged onto the hut and neutralized one terrorist at point blank range. During this action, he sustained Gun Shot Wound in his right elbow as also his weapon was hit by a bullet, thereby jamming it. Despite profusely bleeding, with his weapon now non functional and his party pinned down, Major Praphul, utterly disregarding his personal safety, crawled and lobbed two grenades in the hut and neutralized the second terrorist.

For this conspicuous act of gallantry and acting beyond the call of duty, Major Praphul Kumar Bhardwaj is awarded “SHAURYA CHAKRA”.

Major Anurag Kumar, Shaurya Chakra, 9 PARA (Special Forces) | Photo: Indian Army

Major Anurag Kumar, Shaurya Chakra, 9 PARA (Special Forces) | Photo: Indian Army

Major Anurag Kumar was leading a helicopter inserted 9 PARA (Special Forces) Team in Search and Destroy Operations in Lidder Panzal at Baramulla district of Jammu and Kashmir on 26/27 August 2015.

Post insertion, Major Anurag led his squads to the location where terrorists were last seen and organized the search. At 1400 hours on 26 August 2015, the officer observed suspicious movement behind boulders and deployed his squads before shouting a challenge which drew indiscriminate terrorist fire. Realising grave threat to his men from the ricocheting bullets, the officer risked his safety and under covering fire of Havildar Virender Singh and Naik Javid Ahmad Chopan closed in with and eliminated one terrorist. Major Anurag then established a cordon to cut off escape of remaining terrorists. At 1100 hours on 27 August 2015 one terrorist attempting to break cordon rushed out firing indiscriminately. Unmindful of the heavy fire and displaying immense courage Major Anurag engaged and shot dead the terrorist at close quarters. He further engaged one trapped terrorist in a conversation thereby assisting Naik Chopan in his apprehension.

For his exceptional tactical acumen, selflessness, inspiring leadership and courage beyond compare while eliminating two foreign terrorists and assisting in the apprehension of the third terrorist, Major Anurag Kumar is awarded “SHAURYA CHAKRA”.

Major Sandip Yadav, Shaurya Chakra, 55 Rashtriya Rifle (Armd) | Photo: Indian Army

Major Sandip Yadav, Shaurya Chakra, 55 Rashtriya Rifle (Armd) | Photo: Indian Army

Major Sandip has been operating in Pulwama since Jul 2013 and his flair for generating intelligence and conduct of operations is exemplary.

On 10 August, information was received about presence of terrorists in village Ratanpur at Pulwama district of Jammu and Kashmir. Major Sandip while moving cross country noticed a suspicious movement in a paddy field. The two terrorists immediately opened indiscriminate fire at the officer. Major Sandip stood his ground and retaliated the fire which pinned down the terrorists. Undeterred by heavy fire and showing exceptional presence of mind, the officer redeployed his team which prevented the escape of terrorists.

On 11 August, after a grueling eighteen hours of firefight, Major Sandip decided to crawl close to the terrorists in an open area without any cover. As he was doing so, he came under heavy fire. Unmindful of the grave danger and showing raw courage under heavy fire with utter disregard to personal safety, he crawled close and eliminated both the terrorists. The bold action ensured elimination of two Lashker tanzeem terrorists as well as no collateral damage.

For displaying exemplary leadership, fearlessness in face of intense firing, gallantry and courage beyond the call of duty, Major Sandip Yadav is awarded “SHAURYA CHAKRA”.

Lieutenant Harjinder Singh, Shaurya Chakra,  3 KUMAON | Photo: Indian Army

Lieutenant Harjinder Singh, Shaurya Chakra, 3 KUMAON | Photo: Indian Army

On 05 June 2015, Lieutenant Harjinder Singh was the Commander of an Ambush Point in Jammu and Kashmir. At 2230 hours, a group of three terrorists was spotted. Lieutenant Harjinder Singh continuously tracked the move of terrorists and immediately assessed the situation and brought down effective fire and engaged the infiltrators. The effective fire forced the terrorists to move along the Anti Infiltration Obstacle System to a higher ground. The terrorists split into two groups to divert attention and escape. At 0500 hours the officer moved to engage the terrorists. Displaying exemplary courage, he accurately fired the Multi Grenade Launcher and neutralized the first terrorist. In the mean time the second terrorist opened with automatic fire. Undeterred by the terrorist fire, the officer closed in with the terrorist and neutralized him at close quarters. Despite grave danger to him, the officer continuously maintained contact with the terrorists and eliminated them in a surgical manner.

For this act of conspicuous bravery under strenuous operational conditions and exhibition of raw courage and fortitude, Lieutenant Harjinder Singh is awarded “SHAURYA CHAKRA”.

Naik Satish Kumar Shaurya Chakra (Posthumous), 21 Rashtriya Rifle (Guards) | Photo: Indian Army

Naik Satish Kumar Shaurya Chakra (Posthumous), 21 Rashtriya Rifle (Guards) | Photo: Indian Army

Naik Satish Kumar was serving with 21 Rashtriya Rifles since 07 April 2015.

On 04 December 2015, he was commanding a small team as part of search and destroyed operation in Boban Wastar Forest. Observing speed and stealth, he led his small team to the likely target area, searching the forest cautiously and deliberately. At 1305 hours, Naik Anil was suddenly fired upon by terrorists injuring him. Realising Naik Anil being hit, Nk Satish Kumar crawled ahead to a fallen tree, engaged and eliminated one terrorist at close range. He then provided Nk Anil first aid and ensured his timely evacuation. Simultaneously, the second hidden terrorist opened fire injuring him on his right leg. Unmindful of his injury, Nk Satish engaged this terrorist and despite profuse bleeding closed in, lobbing two hand grenade towards the terrorist who was still firing and killed him. However, during his assault towards the terrorist he suffered another gunshot wound and attained martyrdom.

For displaying extraordinary courage, commitment beyond call of duty in eliminating two hardcore terrorists and making the ultimate sacrifice, Naik Satish Kumar is awarded “SHAURYA CHAKRA” (POSTHUMOUS).

Naik Kheem Singh Mehra, Shaurya Chakra, 21 KUMAON | Photo: Indian Army

Naik Kheem Singh Mehra, Shaurya Chakra, 21 KUMAON | Photo: Indian Army

On the night of 08 August 2015, three terrorists attempted infiltration in area Lara along Jumagund Nar on Line of Control at Jammu and Kashmir. Naik Kheem Singh Mehra was deployed as a part of ambush to prevent their escape.

At 0530 hours, the terrorist group was spotted by Naik Kheem Singh moving in the jungle across Jumagund Nar towards Line of Control. Displaying tenacity, grit and total audacity, Naik Kheem Singh advanced across the Nala, climbed on opposite spur and engaged the terrorists at close range killing one terrorist on the spot and preventing their escape.

Heavy exchange of fire commenced between terrorists, Naik Kheem Singh and balance of ambush party. Taking cover of boulder and trees, the terrorists maneuvered to flank the main ambush party. Sensing imminent danger to own party, Naik Kheem Singh with utter disregard to personal safety, broke cover and charged the terrorists killing another terrorist in close quarter fire fight.

Naik Kheem Singh Mehra displayed raw courage, audacity in face of grave personal danger and an indomitable fighting spirit. For this act of fortitude and selfless bravery in which the NCO prevented harm to own troops and killed two foreign terrorists, Naik Kheem Singh Mehra is awarded “Shaurya Chakra”.

Sepoy Dharma Ram, Shaurya Chakra (Posthumous), 1 Rashtriya Rifle (MAHAR) | Photo: Indian Army

Sepoy Dharma Ram, Shaurya Chakra (Posthumous), 1 Rashtriya Rifle (MAHAR) | Photo: Indian Army

On 25 May 2015 Sepoy Dharma Ram was part of a patrol launched by Major Kobitirha Sanyal towards village Kanjikul at Kulgam district of Jammu and Kashmir. At 1300 hours the patrol came under sudden heavy volume of fire from a nearby house. Sepoy Dharma Ram exhibited exemplary presence of mind to warn his team of the direction of fire and encountered the terrorist fearlessly in a direct firefight. He selflessly put himself in the face of terrorist fire and fought with nerves of steel to prevent any team member from getting injured.

During the firefight the individual sustained two bullet wounds on his back and thigh. Unmindful and undeterred from the grave injury and although bleeding profusely the individual exhibited exemplary field craft to crawl to an appropriate position from where he brought accurate fire on the terrorist and injured him gravely. The terrorist was thus neutralized and identified as Lashkar-e-Toiba District Commander.

Sepoy Dharma Ram made supreme sacrifice of his life in true traditions of the Indian Army. For this act of courage beyond the call of duty, dogged determination and conspicuous gallantry Sepoy Dharma Ram is awarded “SHAURYA CHAKRA” (POSHTHUMOUS).

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2 IAF personnel awarded Vayu Sena Medal Mon, 25 Jan 2016 18:30:56 +0000

The President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, has awarded the Vayu Sena Medal for Gallantry to two officers of the Indian Air Force (IAF) on the eve of India’s 66th Republic Day.

What follows is a précis of their actions that earned them the award.
Text: Indian Air Force

Wing Commander Nirmal Kumar Bakshi, Vayu Sena Medal (Gallantry) | Photo: IAF

Wing Commander Nirmal Kumar Bakshi, Vayu Sena Medal (Gallantry) | Photo: IAF

Wing Commander Nirmal Kumar Bakshi Flying (Pilot) is commanding a frontline M-17 V5 unit since 27 Jan 15 Wg Cdr Bakshi was part of the relief operations in Nepal. On 12 May 15 , after a second powerful earthquake hit the country, Nepalese officials rushed to him with information of different locations where grievously injured causalities were reported.

Wing Commander NK Bakshi got airborne immediately, followed up with a precise plan in air, addressing the criticality and reached the respective areas. The casualties were not in a position to be moved at all and thus could not be relocated to an alternate location where the aircraft could land. The sites were located on sloping soft ground surrounded by a high density if obstructions, especially tall trees and dangling cables.

The collapsed buildings and debris all around posed a serious threat to the aircraft and the probability of the aircraft downwash causing landslides posed even more serious threat to the people on ground. Undeterred by the setting sun and low visibility conditions, Wing Commander Bakshi courageously pressed on with the rescue and skillfully brought down the helicopter among obstructions. He maintained the helicopter rock steady and light on wheels to avoid a possible land slide. The evacuation spots provided little or no margin for error that called for courage and professionalism of the highest order. Displaying both, Wing Commander Bakshi evacuated nine serious casualties, including four children from different locations in the shortest possible time.

Flying back to Kathmandu under extremely poor visibility conditions, Wing Commander NK Bakshi coordinated for a specialist paramedic team to be available for immediate medical care. The mission was well appreciated and boosted the morale of the rescue teams to a new high. Apart from this courageous mission, he flew 55 hrs in 78 sorties in the region.

Wing Commander Rajiv Dobhal, Vayu Sena Medal (Gallantry) | Photo: IAF

Wing Commander Rajiv Dobhal, Vayu Sena Medal (Gallantry) | Photo: IAF

Wing Commander Rajiv Dobhal Flying (Pilot) is commanding a front line Mi-17 V5 Unit since 12 May 14.
On 25 Apr 15, the Unit was tasked to participate in OP Maitri in Nepal. Within a few hours, Wing Commander R Dobhal got airborne and positioned at Gorakhpur in difficult weather conditions. He thereafter proceeded to Kathmandu at first light and as the officer in charge of operations; he immediately took up the challenge and assisted the IAF Task Force Commander in formulating operating procedures. Thus, within hours of induction on foreign soil, IAF helicopters were able to commence relief operations. In the following three weeks, he flew 176 sorties, undertaking several demanding missions and rescuing numerous survivors. The most noteworthy was the rescue of 95 stranded Indian mountaineers from Lukla – one of the most dangerous airfields in the world.

On 05 May 15, the IAF contingent was tasked for an urgent evacuation of a Spanish rescue team from Langthang village at an altitude of 12,5000 feet. Due to the criticality of the mission, the Spanish Ambassador and Defence Attaché personally briefed the pilots and stressed the fact that their team was ill equipped to survive the night.

Mindful of the high risk involved and the team’s survival, Wing Commander Dobhal got airborne after carrying out meticulous mission planning.

On landing at Langthang, he found that the rescue team had moved away. The situation started becoming critical due to onset of a hailstorm and deteriorating light conditions. After thoroughly assessing the risk involved, he decided to search for the team. With the weather close at heels, he flew along the valley bottom and finally spotted the team 10 km away. Displaying utmost professionalism, he skillfully maneuvered his helicopter to land on a restricted field and rescued the Spanish team. As the helicopter exited he valley, the entire area was engulfed by hailstorm. Thus, in the face of adverse conditions, he gallantly executed an extremely demanding mission and earned accolades for IAF from the international community.

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4 navy personnel up for gallantry awards Mon, 25 Jan 2016 18:30:39 +0000

Four personnel of the Indian Navy have been recommended for the award of the Nao Sena Medal for Gallantry by the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, on the eve of India’s 66th Republic Day.

Here’s how the navy described the actions that has earned them this recommendation.
Text: Indian Navy

Commander S.K. Shukla | Photo: Indian Navy

Commander S.K. Shukla | Photo: Indian Navy

On 22 Jun 15 at 0710 hrs, Commander Sanjay Shukla, as Captain of Seaking 42C aircraft, saved the lives of 19 personnel from onboard MV Jindal Kamakshi which was in distress 40 nm north west of Mumbai. The officer undertook the mission under very hostile weather. The on-going monsoons with sea state 5, wind speeds in excess of 40 Kn and swell of 4 metres had cumulatively jeopardised the stability of the vessel. Under such circumstances the lives of its crew members relied on first available rescue mission. The officer was tasked to evacuate personnel safely before the ship sank.

On sighting the ship at 1000 yards due poor visibility and non-availability of any deck, the officer decided to evacuate the crew by winching. The conditions in the area were extremely hostile for the evolution, with the sea being extremely rough, swell exceptionally high, gusting winds and heavy rain resulting in marginal visibility. Apart from the precarious list to Port, the ship was rolling excessively due to heavy swell. The helicopter was thus required to maintain a steady hover over the ship as the winching area was small and obstructions protruding over the top deck. During this strenuous task, not once did the officer waiver from his hover position for almost 45 mins and exhibited exceptional piloting skills in the face of perilous weather and sea conditions whilst he winched up the crew into the safe confines of his helicopter.

He completed the entire mission over a period of 2 hours in extremely hazardous conditions. Cdr Sanjay Shukla was undeterred in the face of such demanding conditions and displayed valour, exceptional piloting skills and resilience, battled the natural elements and successfully winched up 19 crew members and brought them back to Mumbai safely.

The actions taken by the officer of evacuating personnel from the scene led to saving of 19 lives. Executing such an evacuation operation by winching under the prevalent hazardous conditions requires exceptional bravery in risking own life as well as superlative piloting skills. The rescue of the ship’s crew in strong winds and rain, whilst safeguarding his aircraft and crew did involve supreme piloting skills, professional judgement and individual act of exceptional courage by the officer and thus merits recognition by award of Nao Sena Medal (Gallantry).

Commander Ashok Kumar | Photo: Indian Navy

Commander Ashok Kumar | Photo: Indian Navy

In Mar 15, Dornier IN-240 had ditched off Karwar and lay at a depth of 58m. Command Clearance Diving Team, Mumbai (CCDT (Mbi)) was tasked for recovery of fuselage and the mortal remains of the personnel likely to be entrapped therein. Diving to this depth was beyond both the qualification depth of Clearance Divers, viz, 55 m and the equipment available viz 50 m. Depth also posed danger of nitrogen narcosis that impairs the divers’ judgement and imposed bottom time restrictions and decompression penalty. Further, the mangled condition of wreck posed danger of snagging/ damaging divers’ equipment and was also partially sunk in loose mud that posed problems of extracting the bodies within limited dive time.

Sensing the urgency and importance of the task at hand, Commander Ashok Kumar, Squadron Commander, CCDT (Mbi), led his team by personal example showing raw courage and devotion to purpose. He dived repeatedly for location of the wreck and thereafter for salvage of the wreck even exceeding the stipulated limiting line exposing him to great danger. He personally recovered both the bodies as well as the Flight Data Recorder (Black Box) by innovatively gaining access to them through the damaged fuselage by sheer strength, brute force and raw courage under the prevalent dangerous circumstances.

The evolution was undertaken in dangerous conditions that tested the limits of the officer as well as his equipment. His valiant efforts even at his age of 50 plus years led to recovery of the bodies of two officers and flight data recorder through sheer valor and courage in adverse circumstances. It is evident that the officer displayed indomitable courage, conspicuous gallantry of a very high order, which resulted in successful completion of the salvage operation. The officer is hence recommended to be considered for the award of Nao Sena Medal (Gallantry).

Anil Kumar, POA (Aircrew Man Diver) | Photo: Indian Navy

Anil Kumar, POA (Aircrew Man Diver) | Photo: Indian Navy

On 24 Jun 15, at 0800, Anil Kumar, POA (Aircrew Man Diver), as free diver onboard SC 558, was directed to rescue the crew of MV Coastal Pride. On reaching the area despite poor visibility of around 800 meters he located the capsized ship along with all six survivors. It was decided that the crew needed to be evacuated by winching, using double lift procedure.

The conditions in the area were very hostile with sea extremely rough, swell exceptionally high, winds gusting to 40 knots and heavy rain resulting in marginal visibility. In addition, with the ship having capsized, a large amount of debris were floating around the survivor’s which posed a grave danger to him and the survivors. These conditions were extremely perilous and necessitated the free diver to have nerves of steel whilst being lowered into the sea and accomplish a successful rescue.

In an exceptional display of valor in the face of the hostile weather, with scant regard for his own life, Anil Kumar, POA (Aircrew Man Diver) accepted the challenge of being lowered into the sea and picked up all six crew members. His presence in the water was reassuring for the survivors whom he motivated and carried them on his lap, one at a time, in an orderly and professional manner.

The rescue attempt under the prevalent weather conditions itself was a hazardous operation. Further, the sailor, by getting himself lowered into the sea for rescue faced the danger of injury by floating debris as well as getting swarmed by the survivors in panic. It is therefore opined that the sailor took a risk in executing rescue operations. He had not only proved his professional skills and stamina but his resoluteness and courage under hazardous conditions. The gallant act of the sailor showcasing heroic courage in saving six lives deserves recognition. The sailor is hence recommended to be considered for the award of Nao Sena Medal (Gallantry).

Thongbam Prakash Singh, NA I (Aircrew Man Diver) | Photo: Indian Navy

Thongbam Prakash Singh, NA I (Aircrew Man Diver) | Photo: Indian Navy

On 22 Jun 15 at 0710, Thongbam Prakash Singh, NA I (Aircrew Man Diver), as free diver onboard SC 558, was directed to rescue the crew onboard MV Jindal Kamakshi. On arrival at the grief stricken ship, due lack of any deck, rescue necessitated undertaking precise winching.

The conditions in the area were very hostile with sea extremely rough, swell exceptionally high, winds gusting to 35 knots and heavy rain resulting in marginal visibility. Apart from the precarious list to port, the lethal combination of substantial roll due to rough weather and the obstructions on the ship necessitated that the free diver be lowered onboard the stricken ship to ensure successful winching of 19 personnel who individually had to be trained and briefed on the winching procedure.

In an exceptional display of valour in the face of the perilous weather, with scant regard for his own life, Thongbam Prakash Singh, NA I(Aircrew Man Diver), accepted the hazardous task of being lowered onboard the stricken ship. Once onboard, the sailor provided the required moral support to the ship’s crew,and ensured safety of the helicopter whilst simultaneously ensuring safe winching of the 19 personnel. With complete disregard to his personal safety, he stayed onboard the abandoned ship which was in danger of sinking till last of the 19 crew members were winched up.

The sailor’s role in the rescue operation as a free diver lowered on to a severely listed ship in rough seas deserves recognition. Under the prevalent hazardous conditions of heavy rain, dangerous precarious list, substantial roll and the obstructions on the ship, the sailor’s actions to ensure successful winching of 19 personnel after individually training them, indicate an exceptional display of valor with scant regard for his own life. The sailor is hence recommended to be considered for the award of Nao Sena Medal (Gallantry).

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Complete list of army awards Mon, 25 Jan 2016 18:30:14 +0000


1. 13625566W L/Nk Mohan Nath Goswami, 9 Para (SF) (POSTHUMOUS)


1. IC-31633P Lt Gen Arun Kumar Sahni, UYSM, SM, VSM, ARTY
2. IC-31663M Lt Gen Rakesh Nandan, AVSM, SM, AAD
3. IC-34003A Lt Gen Manmohan Singh Rai, AVSM, VSM, ENGRS
4. IC-34014M Lt Gen Amit Sharma, Avsm, VSM, ARMD
5. IC-34019L Lt Gen Deependra Singh Hooda, UYSM, AVSM, VSM**, INF
6. IC-34098L Lt Gen Harminder Jit Singh Sachdev, AVSM, SM, INF
7. IC-34350Y Lt Gen Kamaljit Singh, AVSM**, ARMD
8. IC-34356A Lt Gen Navkiran Singh Ghei, AVSM**, PARA
9. IC-34385P Lt Gen Anil Kumar Ahuja, UYSM, AVSM, SM, VSM**, ARTY
10. IC-34392L Lt Gen Gurmit Singh, UYSM, AVSM, VSM, INF
11. IC-34396F Lt Gen Ravindran Narayan Nair, AVSM, SM, INF
12. IC-34402K Lt Gen Ghanshyam Singh Katoch, AVSM, VSM, INF
13. IC-34454A Lt Gen Gurdeep Singh, AVSM, INF
14. IC-34775X Lt Gen Ravindra Vasantrao Thodge, AVSM, SM, VSM, INF
15. IC-34890X Lt Gen Srinivasan Lakshmi Narsimhan, AVSM**, VSM, INF
16. IC-35036X Lt Gen Nitin Kumar Kohli, AVSM, VSM, SIGS
17. IC-35040A Lt Gen Rakesh Mohan Mittal, AVSM, SM, VSM, ENGRS(RETIRED)
18. IC-35226K Lt Gen Kocherlakota Gopal Krishna, AVSM, SM, VSM, INF
19. IC-37022W Lt Gen Sanjay Kulkarni, AVSM, SC, SM, VSM, INF
20. MR-04133N Lt Gen Bhushan Kumar Chopra, AVSM, AMC


1. JC-413444W Sub Mahendra Singh, SM, 9 PARA (SF)
2. 3986807H Sep Jagdish Chand, 546 DSC PLATOON (POSTHUMOUS)


1. IC-35206W Lt Gen Konsam Himalay Singh, AVSM, YSM, INF
2. IC-35471M Lt Gen Bipin Rawat, AVSM, YSM, SM, VSM, INF
3. IC-35479Y Lt Gen Balwant Singh Negi, YSM, SM, VSM**, INF
4. IC-35494N Lt Gen Subrata Saha, YSM, VSM**, INF
5. IC-35904Y Lt Gen Sarath Chand, AVSM, VSM, INF


1. IC-35173W Lt Gen Raymond Joseph Noronha, AVSM, SM, INF
2. IC-35650M Lt Gen Bobby Cherian Mathews, AVSM, VSM, INF
3. IC-35919F Lt Gen Amarjeet Singh, AVSM, SM, INF


2. IC-34028M Lt Gen Anirudha Chakravarty, VSM, INF
3. IC-34148L Lt Gen Rajendra Prasad Rai, VSM, ASC
4. IC-34708M Lt Gen Gopal Singh Bisht, VSM, SIGS
5. IC-34765N Lt Gen Iqbal Singh Singha, VSM, INF
6. IC-34838P Lt Gen John A George, VSM, ARTY
7. IC-34901Y Lt Gen Palepu Ravi Shankar, VSM, ARTY
8. IC-34954X Lt Gen Amit Sarin, SM, VSM, AOC
9. IC-35109Y Lt Gen Rajeev Vasant Kanitkar, SM, VSM, ARMD
10. IC-35115M Lt Gen Jagbir Singh, SM, VSM, MECH INF
11. IC-35137L Lt Gen Pattiarimal Mohamedali Hariz, SM, VSM, MECH INF
12. IC-35602M Lt Gen Ashok Bhim Shivane, VSM, ARMD
13. IC-35796A Lt Gen Kanwal Jeet Singh, VSM, EME
14. IC-35915L Lt Gen Rajeev Tewari, ARMD
15. IC-37247Y Lt Gen Govind Singh Chandel, YSM, INF
16. IC-39818L Lt Gen Suresh Sharma, ENGRS
17. V-000347M Lt Gen Jagvinder Singh, VSM, RVC
18. IC-35480N Maj Gen Surinder Singh, SM, VSM, INF
19. IC-38747H Maj Gen Ramkishan Saiwal, VSM, AOC
20. IC-38487H Maj Gen Pampapati Doddappa Hallur, VSM, INF
21. IC-39342K Maj Gen Rajesh Sahai, SM, INF
22. IC-39522M Maj Gen Jaiveer Singh Negi, YSM, VSM**, INF
23. IC-39656L Maj Gen Dinesh Sharma, VSM, INF
24. IC-40314K Maj Gen Chandi Prasad Mohanty, SM, VSM, INF
25. IC-40353H Maj Gen Paramjit Singh, SM, PARA
26. IC-40360Y Maj Gen Asit Bhailal Mistry, SM, VSM, INF
27. IC-40382X Maj Gen Arvind Dutta, VSM, INF
28. IC-40500A Maj Gen Yogesh Kumar Joshi, VRC, SM, INF
29. IC-40716F Maj Gen Manoj C Pande, VSM, ENGRS


1. IC-58160L Col Santosh Yashwant Mahadik, SM, PARA, 41 RR (POSTHUMOUS)
2. IC-70237P Maj Praphul Kumar Bhardwaj, 12 PARA (SF)
3. IC-71155Y Maj Anurag Kumar, 9 PARA (SF)
4. IC-71516M Maj Sandip Yadav, ARMD, 55 RR
5. SL-05351Y Lt Harjinder Singh, GEN SER, 3 KUMAON
6. 15614460W Nk Satish Kumar, GUARDS, 21 RR (POSTHUMOUS)
7. 4190712P Nk Kheem Singh Mehra, 21 KUMAON
8. 4577583P Sep Dharma Ram, Mahar, 1 RR (POSTHUMOUS)


1. IC-39491X Maj Gen Ajay Kumar Das, SC, INF
2. IC-40366A Maj Gen Anand Singh Rawat, SM, VSM, INF
3. IC-40680N Maj Gen Nagesh P Rao, SM, PARA
4. IC-40685M Maj Gen Raj Shukla, SM, ARTY
5. IC-44573K Brig Sudhir Kumar Jha, ASSAM REGT
6. IC-47566Y Brig VM Bhuvana Krishnan, DOGRA
7. IC-48389W Brig Harjeet Singh Sahi, SM, RAJPUT
8. IC-54541P Col Parmvir Singh Jamwal, SC, MECH INF
9. IC-56645P Col Navneet Chail, SM, ARMY AVN
10. IC-57959H Col Rajmeet Singh, MAHAR, 1 RR
11. IC-58166M Col Gagandeep Singh, GUARDS, 21 RR
12. IC-58215K Col Ranjit Jha, 21 PARA (SF)
13. IC-59183Y Col Sudhir Chamoli, 5/5 GORKHA RIF
14. IC-59265F Col Balbir Singh, 2 RAJPUT


1. IC-66544P Maj Krishna Kant Bajpai, SM, RAJPUT, 12 ASSAM RIF


1. IC-59497A Lt Col Radhakrishnan Murali, INT, 4 CISU
2. IC-61070P Lt Col Bejoy Raveendran, MECH INF, 31 ASSAM RIF
3. TA-42875X Lt Col Karanbir Singh Natt, 160 INF BN TA (H&H)
4. IC-68705L Maj Ajay Singh Rautela, 3/1 GR
5. IC-69878P Maj Sandeep Singh Pathania, DOGRA, 40 RR
6. IC-69995A Maj Uday Bhanot, MAHAR, 1 RR
7. IC-70432M Maj Vaibhav Vishesh, 19 DOGRA
8. IC-70967A Maj Akash Ashok Tapadia, 26 RAJPUT
9. IC-71185W Maj Bikesh Chauhan, SIGS, 3 RR
10. SS-43870L Maj Liengousiem K Gangte, 12 ASSAM
11. SS-44233F Maj N Anandaraj, ENGRS, 27 ASSAM RIF
12. IC-72249H Capt Maneet Kumar Pant, 12 PARA (SF)
13. IC-75410X Capt Vikrant Paul, ASSAM, 42 RR
14. IC-75611W Capt Rahul Solanki, SIGS, 56 RR
15. IC-76196M Capt Maneesh Bora, 4 PARA (SF)
16. IC-76448N Capt Ashish Chhikara, 5 RAJPUT
17. IC-77704K Capt Deepesh Singh Mehra, PARA, 21 RR
18. IC-79570P Capt Mayank Shukla, EME, 2 DOGRA
19. SS-43666M Capt Vineet Phogat, GUARDS, 50 RR
20. SS-45863N Capt Ashutosh Rana, 11 PARA (SF)
21. MS-17463L Capt Ashwani Kumar, AMC, 3 LADAKH SCOUTS, 403 FD HOSP (POSTHUMOUS)
22. AR-302M Shri Raj Kumar Sharma, ASST COMDT, 27 ASSAM RIF
23. JC-460506W Nb Sub Late Sanjay Murlidhar, MARATHA LI, 56 RR
24. 2994529Y Hav Babli Singh, 5 RAJPUT
25. 4188349L Hav Diwan Singh, 3 KUMAON
26. 13622866M Hav Deepak Thapa Chhetri, 4 PARA (SF)
27. 13623694P Hav Santhosh Joseph, 4 PARA (SF)
28. 4369767P L/Hav Rhorotho Katiry, ASSAM, 42 RR
29. 4572469N L/Hav Dharmendra Kumar, 15 MAHAR
30. 4000012N Nk Surender Pal, 2 DOGRA
31. 4084250H Nk Satyapal Singh Rawat, 4 PARA (SF)
32. 5756932A Nk Mohan Gurung, PARA, 21 RR
33. 13626111M Nk Rachpal Singh, 12 PARA (SF)
34. 15203010L Nk Ch Umamaheshwar Rao, ARTY, 32 RR
35. 15612737L Nk Sri Chitra Saikia, GUARDS, 21 RR (POSTHUMOUS)
36. 4002436H L/Nk Sanjay Mankotia, 19 DOGRA
37. 5048055W L/Nk Aash Kumar Gurung, 3/1 GR (POSTHUMOUS)
38. 15619062Y L/Nk Harmesh Singh, GUARDS, 21 RR
39. 16012692P L/Nk Naresh Singh Rajput, 16 RAJ RIF
40. 3204692K Sep Ankul, 12 JAT
41. 3408197M Sep Harpreet Singh, 8 SIKH (POSTHUMOUS)
42. 4201029X Sep Mahendar Singh Shawant, KUMAON, 50 RR
43. 4378804Y Sep Khiangte Lalnunchhuanga, ASSAM, 35 RR
44. 19002584A Sep Jarmal Singh, 8 SIKH
45. 15175529H Gunner Jageshwar, ARTY, 29 RR (POSTHUMOUS)
46. 5852252X Rfn Shshir Mall, GR, 32 RR (POSTHUMOUS)
47. G/5011948M Rfn Vijay Kumar, 23 ASSAM RIF
48. 15623495N Gdmn Jagdish Prasad, GUARDS, 21 RR (POSTHUMOUS)


1. IC-44038K Brig H Dharmarajan, SM, ENGRS
2. IC-57146M Col Anirudh Chauhan, SM, 20 RAJ RIF
3. IC-57379N Col Aakash Khazanchi, SM, SIKH, 46 RR BN


1. IC-38280H Maj Gen Indupuru Narayana, VSM, ARTY
2. IC-38528F Maj Gen Kapil Kumar Aggrawal, VSM, EME
3. IC-39609N Maj Gen Ajay Ohri, INF
4. IC-41067N Maj Gen Jai Singh Nain, INF
5. IC-41456N Maj Gen Rakesh Kumar Anand, VSM, SIGS
6. IC-45200H Maj Gen Rajinder Kumar, VSM, JAG DEPTT
7. IC-41585N Brig Krishna Kumar Mahadevan Iyer, AAD
8. IC-41860H Brig Shantanu Dayal, VSM, GARH RIF
9. IC-41480K Brig Bishwajeet Ghosh, VSM, ENGRS
10. IC-42400N Brig Tumul Varma, VSM, EME
11. IC-42404K Brig Jai Singh, GRENADIERS
12. IC-47603F Brig Viresh Pratap Singh Kaushik, KUMAON
13. IC-48067W Brig Rashim Bali, VSM, SIKH LI
14. IC-48502A Brig Anil Singh, ENGRS
15. V-000398A Brig Anil Kumar, RVC
16. IC-41977F Col Dharamveer Singh Suhag, VSM, GORKHA RIF
17. IC-49449M Col Inderjit Singh Panjrath, AAD
18. IC-50491X Col Vinod Bajiya, RAJPUT
19. IC-50563W Col Jitendra Beniwal, SIKH LI
20. IC-50847A Col A Sridhar, ARTY
21. IC-52881Y Col Apinder Pal Singh, SIGS
22. IC-53047M Col Digvijay Singh, SIKH
23. IC-54320H Col Kanwar Jitendra Singh, ASC
24. IC-54357K Col Gaurav Jain, ARTY
25. IC-54397L Col Raghudeep Minhas, 269 ENGR REGT
26. IC-56631P Col Sonender Singh, 117 ENGR REGT
27. IC-56784Y Col Tejvir Singh, PUNJAB
28. IC-57234H Col Vikramjeet Singh Virk, 15 MAHAR
29. IC-57355K Col Ashok Kumar Thakur, RAJ RIF, 18 RR
30. IC-57421F Col Ajay Londhe, 54 ENGR REGT
31. IC-57438P Col Govindan Praveen, 14 GARH RIF
32. IC-57860M Col Yogesh Kumar Bisht, PUNJAB, 22 RR
33. IC-57973P Col SS Kamatnurkar, ASSAM REGT, 1 ARUNACHAL SCOUTS
34. IC-58099M Col Dalwinder Singh Atwal, 18 ENGR REGT
35. IC-58180Y Col Giridhar Dhondiram Kole, GARH RIF, 14 RR
36. IC-58782M Col Vijay Sudhakar Bhave, 13 PUNJAB
37. MR-07768X Lt Col Sanjeev Kumar, AMC


1. IC-38183L Lt Gen Gurmukh Singh, SM, VSM, EME
2. IC-39868W Maj Gen Sunil Srivastava, VSM, ARTY
3. IC-39865H Maj Gen Michael Mathews, VSM, ENGRS
4. MR-03989M Maj Gen Deepak Kalra, VSM, AMC
5. IC-39076W Maj Gen Praveen Dixit, VSM, ARMD


1. IC-35118A Lt Gen Satish Prabhakar Nawathe, ENGRS
2. IC-37316K Lt Gen Pradeep Singh Mehta, ARMD
3. IC-37398X Lt Gen Ravindran R, INF
4. DR-10358M Lt Gen Tk Bandyopadhyay, AD CORPS
5. IC-35499M Maj Gen Madinani Ramesh Babu, SM**, INF (RETIRED)
6. IC-35563Y Maj Gen Bhupesh Kumar Jain, INF
7. IC-35908P Maj Gen Ajay Anand, SM, ENGRS
8. IC-38097A Maj Gen Ajay Kumar Pant, ARMD
9. IC-38408H Maj Gen Vivek Sehgal, INF
10. IC-38686W Maj Gen Vinod Kumar, AAD
11. IC-38696A Maj Gen Narinder Pal Singh, ARMD
12. IC-38752N Maj Gen Phool Kanwar Siwach, MECH INF
13. IC-38928N Maj Gen Anil Prahlad Bam, ARTY
14. IC-39101K Maj Gen Manoj Arun Oka, INF
15. IC-39135X Maj Gen Rahul Bhardwaj, GUARDS
16. IC-39371Y Maj Gen Krishna Eswaran, EME
17. IC-39380A Maj Gen PS Rajeshwar, ARTY
18. IC-39445H Maj Gen Sudarshan Shrikat Hasabnis, ENGRS
19. IC-39500N Maj Gen Emanuel Fernandes Christopher, SM, INF
20. IC-39598M Maj Gen Jaishankar G, INF
21. IC-39643N Maj Gen Rajiv Edwards, ARMD
22. IC-39655H Maj Gen Hemant Joneja, INF
23. IC-39675W Maj Gen Vijay Singh, SM, INF
24. IC-39846X Maj Gen Ashish Ranjan Prasad, SIGS
25. IC-39874K Maj Gen Taranjit Singh, ARMD
26. IC-39909P Maj Gen Paramjit Singh Sandhu, MECH INF
27. IC-39940F Maj Gen Jagatbir Singh, ARMD
28. IC-40295K Maj Gen Arun Kumar Sapra, ENGRS
29. IC-40873N Maj Gen Ramachandra Nagraj, SIGS
30. IC-42273K Maj Gen Basant Kumar Repswal, ASC
31. V-000358Y Maj Gen Ps Narwal, RVC
32. MR-05622L Maj Gen Rakhi Singh, AMC
33. NR-16382Y Maj Gen Sushila Shahi, MNS
34. IC-41461Y Brig Yogendra Dimri, ENGRS
35. IC-41471H Brig Surinder Kumar Prashar, GUARDS
36. IC-41495M Brig Nav Kumar Khanduri, AAD
37. IC-41521F Brig Harsha Gupta, SIKH LI
38. IC-41858L Brig Codanda Poovaiah Cariappa, SM, RAJ RIF
39. IC-42356P Brig Ajay Pal, ARTY
40. IC-42603X Brig Pritpal Singh Bhatia, AAD
41. IC-43307Y Brig N Rajkumar, SM, BIHAR
42. IC-43877P Brig Rajinder Dewan, SIKH
43. IC-44808L Brig Sandeep Bhargava, ARTY
44. IC-45555N Brig Monish Datta, JAK RIF
45. IC-45909L Brig Vijay Singh Rawat, KUMAON
46. IC-47121M Brig Anmol Sood, RAJ RIF
47. IC-47261Y Brig Amardeep Singh Aujla, RAJ RIF
48. IC-48046A Brig Rajesh Pushkar, ARMD
49. IC-48096L Brig Ranjit Singh Chumman, MADRAS
50. IC-48118Y Brig Praveen Kumar Airy, GRENADIERS
51. IC-41528M Brig Harinder Singh, SM,YSM, MARATHA LI
52. MR-04899X Brig Rajiv Mohan Gupta, AMC
53. MR-04969L Brig Charanjeet Singh Ahluwalia, AMC
54. MR-06435Y Brig Velamakanni Satyanarayana Gurundh, AMC
55. MR-05966K Brig Rashmi Datta, AMC
56. DR-10426P Brig Vineet Sharma, AD CORPS
57. IC-44693H Col Jasbir Singh Kanwar, ASSAM REGT
58. IC-46453K Col Ajai Sharma, SIKH, 157 INF BN (TA) (H&H) SIKH
59. IC-46474A Col Nawal Kishore Ohri, JAG DEPTT
60. IC-46705L Col Uday Kumar Yadav, SC, SM, MARATHA LI
61. IC-50881A Col Naveen Singh, VRC, JAK RIF
62. IC-53945L Col Praveen Bhal, SIKH, 6 RR
63. IC-54027L Col Pankaj Kaushal, ARMY AVN
64. IC-55944F Col Prashant Nair, SM, MADRAS, 1 ASSAM RIFLES
65. IC-56055W Col Rajeshwar Singh Bazad, SM**, RAJPUT
66. IC-57360P Col Sanjay Kannoth, 2/8 GR
67. IC-57427H Col Vineet Agrawal, 20 ENGR REGT
68. IC-58224L Col Prithviraj Singh Rawat, 3/4 GR
69. IC-58364X Col Vikram Sudhir Thakur, 3 GRENADIERS
70. IC-58464H Col Subir Sondhi, 3 GARH RIF
71. MR-06311K Col Suveer Bhargava, AMC, 92 BASE HOSP



1. IC-63434P Maj Binit Kumar, 28 PUNJAB
2. SC-00820M Lt Rajesh Kumar, 20 RAJ RIF
3. 3409182W Sep Gurpreet Singh, 19 SIKH


1. IC-68044W Maj Kobitirtha Sanyal, MAHAR, 1 RR
2. SS-43354W Maj Prasanth R Pillai, 18 JAT
3. IC-77050L Capt Abhishek Repswal, 66 ENGR REGT
4. 4188588A Nk Rajendra Singh, Kumaon, 50 RR
5. 9108495P Nk Javid Ahmad Chopan, 9 PARA (SF)
6. 5048604L L/Nk Nirmal Darlami, 3/1 GR
7. 16114958K SPR Petchimuthu S, ENGRS, 1 RR
8. 9108782Y Rfn Naseer Ahmed Khan, JAK LI, 56 RR
9. 15181007H Gunner Ravi Kumar Patel, ARTY, 56 RR


1. IC-75865N Capt Pradip Shukla, 11 GARH RIF
2. 2999936L Nk Gopendra Singh, 2 RAJPUT

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So what’s different in the new DPP? Mon, 11 Jan 2016 21:17:32 +0000

Defense Minister Manohar Parrikar | Photo: PIB

Defense Minister Manohar Parrikar | Photo: PIB

The defense ministry’s Defense Acquisitions Council (DAC) approved significant changes to the 2013 Defense Procurement Procedure (DPP) on Monday.

Headlining these reforms is a measure of relief given to foreign Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) in terms of their offset obligations. Foreign OEMs were required to plow back 30 percent of the value of any order worth INR 300 crore (INR 3 billion or USD 44 million) and above into Indian industry. Now they will be required to do so only for orders with a value of INR 2,000 crore (INR 20 billion or USD 300 million) and above.

Foreign OEMs have typically struggled to find qualified Indian Offset Partners (IOPs) that make suitable destinations for the absorption of offsets. This will mean fewer instances of required discharge of offset obligations.

Also importantly, the approved changes include a ‘new category of acquisition’, which is to be the most preferred category to process defense procurement, called Buy Indian Indigenously Designed Developed and Manufactured (IDDM), over and above all other categories. Under IDDM, any order will require at least 40 percent indigenous content if the design is indigenous in addition to development and manufacture. In the absence of an indigenous design but with indigenous development and manufacture, the required percentage of indigenous content will be 60 percent.

Under the new DPP, this category will have a higher preference than the others:

  • Buy (Indian): An outright purchase of equipment from Indian vendors only.
  • Buy & Make (Indian): A purchase from an Indian vendor (including an Indian company forming joint venture/establishing production arrangement with OEM), followed by licensed production/indigenous manufacture in the country.
  • Buy & Make with Transfer of Technology (ToT)
  • Buy (Global): An outright purchase of equipment from foreign as well as Indian vendors.

On the face of it, Buy Indian (IDDM) could also appear to overlap with the other categories.

The older ‘Make’ category under the 2013 DPP said:

Acquisitions covered under the ‘Make’ decisions would include high technology complex systems or critical components/equipment for any weapon system to be designed, developed and produced indigenously. A minimum 30% indigenous content on cost basis shall be required in such cases in the successful prototype.

It then appears that the requirement for indigenous content has been hiked under the ‘Make’ category, variously in the case of indigenous design or otherwise, which has been now given a higher preference than the other categories. And the category has been given a different name.

‘Make’ now appears to be a substantially more advanced concept.

DPP 2013 said:

The Defence Procurement Procedure ‘Make’ will cover all capital acquisitions of High Technology Complex Systems and upgrades undertaken by indigenous Research, Design and Development. These would be undertaken by Ordnance Factory Board (OFB), Defence Public Sector Undertakings (DPSUs) and Indian Industry / Consortia on a level playing field on shared development cost.

Now, firstly, all three services will have Project Management Unit headed by a two-star who will be responsible for all ‘Make’ projects. Companies involved in these projects will be required to be majority owned and controlled by resident Indians and will be required to have a net worth of at least five percent of the stipulated development cost (which could equal a maximum of INR 1,000 crore or USD 150 million) for projects with development costs of INR 5,000 crore (USD 750 Million) or above. Companies need prove only a positive net worth for projects with development costs of less than INR 5,000 crore (USD 750 Million).

There will also be three sub-categories under ‘Make’.

The first sub-category of ‘Make’ projects (Make I) will be funded by the government up to 90 percent of the development cost. Projects with costs less than INR 10 crore (USD 1.5 million) will be reserved for Medium and Small Scale Industries (MSMEs) and opened up to larger companies, if no MSME can ‘develop the required prototype’. The remaining 10 percent of the development cost will be refunded by the government to the development company if a Request For Proposal (RFP) for the equipment developed is not issued within two years of the successful development of the prototype.

Make II are projects that will be completely funded by industry on the understanding that 100 percent of the development cost would be refunded to the developers of a successful prototype in case the RFP is not issued for the developed equipment within two years of successful development.

Make III will be projects funded by MSMEs with a development cost of no more than INR 3 crore (USD 440,000).

But besides ‘Make’, the DAC has also marked up the required indigenous content under Buy (Indian) up to 40 percent from the 30 percent under DPP 2013.

And while Buy and Make (Indian) already required indigenous content of at least 50 percent, the DAC has apparently extended this to Buy and Make, as well, which required ‘purchase from a foreign vendor followed by licensed production/ indigenous manufacture in the country’, under DPP 2013.

The DAC has also approved the reduction of the validity of the Acceptance of Necessity (AoN) from one year to six months, to speed up the flotation of tenders. DPP 2013 had earlier reduced the validity of the AoN from two years to one year with ‘a stipulation to freeze the Services Qualitative Requirements (SQRs) before the accord of the AoN’.

Two other significant changes have been approved.

Firstly, while earlier to qualify for the technical shortlist and be considered for the opening of the commercial bids, a vendor only had to make sure their product exhibited for trials was compliant with the Staff Qualitative Requirements (SQRs) or met the requirements of the technical parameters.

Now, any technical bid that exceeds the requirements of the SQRs by meeting the ‘Enhanced Performance Parameters’ in the RFP will be awarded an additional weightage of 10 percent for which they will get credit while evaluating their commercial bid for the determination of L1.

Further, a lone single bid to a tender will no longer be grounds for virtually automatic scrapping or withdrawal of the RFP, as under DPP 2013, as long as the bid of the single vendor, itself, is deemed justifiable.

Many of these changes appear substantial, but the cumulative effect of these changes remains to be seen pending the publication of the new DPP in two months.

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Navy commissions 2nd Kamorta-class ASW corvette Thu, 07 Jan 2016 17:56:04 +0000

Admiral R.K. Dhowan unveiling the plaque onboard the INS Kadmatt in Visakhapatnam | Photo: Indian Navy

Admiral R.K. Dhowan unveiling the plaque onboard the INS Kadmatt in Visakhapatnam | Photo: Indian Navy

The Indian Navy commissioned its latest Kamorta(P-28)-class Anti Submarine Warfare (ASW) corvette today at Visakhapatnam.

The INS Kadmatt, named after an island in the Lakshadweep group of islands is a Karmota-type corvette, designed by the navy’s Directorate of Naval Design, built by Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers in Kolkata and commissioned in August 2014.

Like it’s predecessor, it boasts a percentage of indigenization in the region of 90 percent and has been ‘constructed using high grade steel (DMR 249A) produced in India’, according to a statement issued by the navy.

The next two Kamorta-class corvettes, INS Kiltan and INS Kavaratti, will incorporate the use of composite material in the construction of their superstructures, which is expected to reduce the weight of the vessels. This material was developed by Sweden’s Saab Kockums and has been used in the the construction of the Visby-class of frigates.

Capable of operations in a Nuclear, Biological and Chemical (NBC) environment, the INS Kadmatt has a displacement of 3300 tonnes, length of 109 meters and beam measure of 13.7 meters. Four diesel engines can power it to speeds of more than 25 knots and an endurance of 3450 nautical miles (more than 6300 kilometers).

According to the statement, the corvette has ‘many firsts to its credit which include the rail-less helo traversing system and foldable hangar door for the integral ASW helicopter’.

The navy says the INS Kadmatt is equipped with a Total Atmospheric Control System (TACS), Integrated Platform Management System (IPMS), Integrated Bridge System (IBS), Battle Damage Control System (BDCS) and Personnel Locator System (PLS) along with a ‘predominantly indigenous’ weapons and sensors suite and some of the indigenously developed system include the Combat Management System, Rocket Launcher, Torpedo Tube Launchers and Infra-Red Signature Suppression System.

The statement referred to the navy chief Admiral R.K. Dhowan as saying that the new INS Kadmatt commissioned today, would carry forward the name she inherits from her illustrious predecessor, the older Petya class. “The earlier Kadmatt, also an ASW Corvette, acquired in 1968 from the erstwhile Soviet Union, distinguished herself in the 24 years of service to the nation, particularly during the 1971 Indo-Pak war, Operation Pawan in Sri Lanka, and Operation Tasha,” said the navy in its statement.

The INS Kadmatt is commanded by Commander Mahesh Chandra Moudgil and will be part of the Eastern Fleet under the Eastern Naval Command.

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Intelligence alert on LeT intrusion in J&K Thu, 07 Jan 2016 17:56:00 +0000

Arms and ammunition recovered from terrorists killed at the Indian Air Force base at Pathankot.

Arms and ammunition recovered from terrorists killed at the Indian Air Force base at Pathankot.

India’s intelligence agencies have warned security agencies of a possible ‘big terrorist action’ in Jammu and Kashmir in the ‘coming days’.

According to government sources, an alert was issued three days back on the basis of information received about at least four Lashkar e Toiba terrorists infiltrating into the Jammu region via the International Border with Pakistan around Kathua. These terrorists are known to have assembled for the infiltration in the last week of December. Lashkar e Toiba commanders in the Kashmir Valley have also been instructed to conduct attacks in the valley as well as Jammu.

This alert was issued when mopping up operations at Pathankot were still underway, following last week’s terror attacks on the the Indian Air Force (IAF) base there, which claimed the lives of one officer from India’s National Security Guards (NSG), Lieutenant Colonel E.K. Niranjan, one IAF Garuda special forces commando, Corporal Gursewak Singh, and five personnel of the Defence Security Corps (DSC): Subedar Fateh Singh, Hawaldar Kulwant Singh, Hawaldar Sanjeevan Singh Rana, Hawaldar Jagdish Chand and Hawaldar Mohit Chand.

This attack came after Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s birthday diplomacy with his brief stopover at Lahore to greet Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif on his birthday on the way back from Kabul. Early last month, India’s National Security Adviser Ajit Kumar Doval met his Pakistani counterpart, Lieutenant General Naseer Khan Janjua in Bangkok on ways to take the bilateral dialogue forward. General Janjua retired from the Pakistan Army just before taking office, last October, and is considered as representing the will and interests of the Pakistan Army, which does not always coincide with those of the civilian government. But this representation is also welcomed by India, at least in part, because it means direct dialogue with the real power in Pakistan.

Although the two PMs and NSAs have reportedly spoken to each other over telephone about the Pathankot attacks, this latest alert raises questions about the commitment of the Pakistan Army to the sputtering dialogue process, behind which Prime Minister Modi appears to have put his weight.

Significantly, there also other, similar alerts for additional terrorist attacks in Punjab based on technical intercept data.

All of this has created uncertainty about the foreign secretary-level talks, which were due to take place next week in Islamabad.

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HAL to partner on Ka-226T helo manufacture Tue, 29 Dec 2015 14:39:10 +0000

Ka-226T | Photo: Russian Helicopters

Ka-226T | Photo: Russian Helicopters

Indian-government owned Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) has, after all, been announced as the partner for the manufacture of Russian Ka-226T helicopters, after months of speculation that an Indian private company, Reliance Defence (part of the Reliance Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group), could be the Indian counterpart to Russia’s Rostec.

A press statement issued today by Russia’s state-owned Rostec quoted the CEO of the Rostec State Corporation, Sergei Chemezov, as saying:

The agreement with India is the result of long work with our Indian partners. This is the first Russian-Indian high-tech project, implemented by the Indian government within the framework of the “Make in India” program. The organization for the manufacture of helicopters is provided by the creation of a Russian-Indian joint venture in India, which includes holdings of Rostec – JSC “Rosoboronexport” and “Russian Helicopters”, and on the India side – the corporation “HAL” (Hindustan Aeronautics Limited).

The statement says that India and Russia signed an agreement under which ‘the State Corporation Rostec will be organize in India the production of the Russian Ka-226T and its modifications in the amount of not less than 200 units,’ as well as ‘maintenance, operation and repair of helicopters and providing them with technical support’.

Chemezov references the possibility of exports, as well, saying, “In the future, the program can be extended and both partners are considering the possibility of joint access to other markets as well.”

Observers in New Delhi are not overly surprised by the decision for a tie-up between state-controlled companies on both sides. The Russians have a long relationship with HAL, which has license-produced a number of Russian aircraft for the Indian armed forces.

“Rostec’s competitive advantage lies in the fact that we are ready to deal with not only the localization of helicopters in India, we also offer our partners the localization of production technology,” added Chemezov.

But observers fear that this may fail to achieve the spirit of ‘Make in India’ and caution against this joint venture executing more of HAL has done in the past: the assembly of knocked down and semi-knocked down kits, without any serious transfer and absorption of technology.

All of this comes after many years of delays and cancellations in the army’s light utility helicopter/reconnaissance and surveillance helicopter acquisition plans.

The Ka-226T is powered by two French Turbomeca Arrius 2G engines.

Meanwhile, Prime Minister Narendra Modi is expected to lay the foundation stone of HAL’s new helicopter facility Biderehalla Kaval, Gubbi Talu, Tumakaru around 100 kilometers from Bangalore on Sunday.

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India, Japan defense agreements to boost US-2i sale Sun, 13 Dec 2015 01:05:19 +0000

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi | Photo: PIB

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi | Photo: PIB

India and Japan signed two agreements for defense cooperation on Saturday that are expected to enable the expedition of the acquisition of the ShinMaywa US-2i amphibious aircraft by the Indian Navy.

The Joint Statement issued by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said:

The two Prime Ministers welcomed the conclusion of the Agreement concerning the Transfer of the Defence Equipment and Technology and the Agreement concerning Security Measures for the Protection of Classified Military Information, which further strengthens the foundation of deep strategic ties. Taking note of the Agreements, they reaffirmed their commitment to continue discussions to deepen the bilateral defence relationship including through two-way collaboration and technology cooperation, co-development and co-production. The two Prime Ministers expressed their intention to explore potential future projects on defence equipment and technology cooperation such as US-2 amphibian aircraft. Out of the 16 agreements concluded by the two countries during the visit of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe to India, one agreed to transfer of defense technology and the another agreed on the mutual protection of classified military information by the two countries.

While the second agreement has a bearing on the conduct of joint military exercises, both are also being perceived as enabling documents for the conclusion of the US-2i acquisition.

It is important to remember that when first proposed, the acquisition of the the US-2i aircraft by India was mooted as a sale of civilian aircraft.

Since then, Japan has amended its Constitution to permit the sale of approved defense technologies to select countries.

It is also important to remember that as part of the proposed sale of ‘civilian aircraft’, the process was being steered on the Indian side by the Department of Industrial Promotion and Policy (DIPP) and the defense ministry, together. 

After the amendment to the Japanese Constitution, the Japanese Vice Minister for Defense, Hideshi Tokuchi, wrote to the Indian defense secretary in May (R.K. Mathur was succeeded by G. Mohan Kumar the same month), indicating that the Government of Japan was now ready to view the proposed Indian purchase of the amphibious aircraft as a military sale.

Much of the delay in processing this agreement has been due to confusion and red tape on the Indian side, since this kind of process – with the DIPP and defense ministry jointly responsible for processing the acquisition – had never been attempted before.

Although Japan is looking at the sale of defense equipment to other countries as well, a first sale to India would constitute a coup of sorts for the strategic relationship between the two countries, both of whom, notably, have tensions over active territorial disputes with the People’s Republic of China.

It is arguable that had the Indian defense ministry been seized of the strategic importance of the acquisition, this visit of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe might have been witness to a sign-off.

But the delays notwithstanding, the agreements concluded on Saturday will pave the way for speedier progress on the acquisition.

The agreement on the Transfer of the Defense Equipment and Technology directly informs the process and negotiations for the purchase. Even without explicit references to this proposed acquisition, it is easy to arrive at this conclusion because it is the first and, so far, only case for Indian acquisition of Japanese defense technologies.

What this does is provide a foundation for the both defense ministries to conduct their processes with a hitherto never-before set of sanctions approved by their respective governments.

The second agreement concerns Security Measures for the Protection of Classified Military Information. This is effectively a Non-Disclosure Agreement (NDA). Although this has relevance for any bilateral military interaction including – for instance – joint naval exercises, it also removes a lot of the time-consuming leg-work involved in first negotiating and putting in place an NDA for the transfer of defense technologies.

And both, the NDA as as the agreement for transfer for defense equipment and technology have ramifications for discussions on possible future acquisitions, as well. Significantly, India has not concluded such a blanket NDA with any other country. This is because with government-to-government foreign military sales to other countries, each acquisition case has its own NDA built into the contract. Since Japan has never before conducted any foreign military sale to any other government, it simply did not have a mechanism in place for securing the integrity of military information. This agreement is expected to remove that difficulty. 

With India still contemplating the construction of a second line of submarines under the Project-75(I) program, there has been some mention of interest in Japan’s Soryu-class of submarines.

But the Japanese government and industry is waiting to see how this first acquisition process plays out before embarking seriously on any discussion for other technologies.

With these two agreements in place, there is light at the end of the tunnel and it is conceivable that the case for the US-2i could traverse the defense ministry’s various committees and arrive for consideration at the Defense Acquisition Council (DAC) meeting next month.

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Why India, not Russia, is supplying Russian-built helicopters to Afghanistan Sat, 12 Dec 2015 12:24:32 +0000

Afghan Air Force Mi-17V5 | Photo: Russian Helicopters

Afghan Air Force Mi-17V5 | Photo: Russian Helicopters

The Economic Times reported earlier this week that India will, after all, be supplying four Mi-25 attack helicopters to Afghanistan, as had been previously reported by The Hindu.

So here’s a question: Why isn’t Afghanistan getting them from Russia, which is the original manufacturer?

This is complicated – the US Department of Defense ordered 63 Mi-17V5 helicopters for Afghanistan, against which there was considerable opposition from US politicians because of the sanctions against Russia and that a Russian and not US-built helicopter was being supplied to Afghanistan.

But later, further acquisition of the aircraft was cancelled after the Pentagon dropped the idea following political pressure in the US.

Russia will probably not object to the India supplying the aircraft partly because four isn’t a large number and the Mi-25 isn’t exactly a contemporary aircraft. Neither will the US. In fact, Russia has unveiled a prototype of an altogether new model of the aircraft, recently.

Earlier this year, India’s Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) also delivered three Cheetal helicopters to Afghanistan.

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