Islamabad’s response to the Mumbai attack highlights its unwillingness to accept the involvement of Pakistani entities. Such an attitude diminishes further the credibility of Pakistan’s commitment to counter-terrorism and has longer-term implications for South Asian security.
There have been reports in the Pakistani media that several Indian nationals have been arrested over the last two days in Lahore and Multan, and are being accused of being terrorists. Since it has also been reported in the Pakistani media yesterday that the senior police officer in Lahore was unaware of the arrest in his city, it seems that this is the work of other agencies in Pakistan that operate outside the law and civilian control. Indian citizens are therefore advised that it would be unsafe for them to travel or be in Pakistan: Ministry of External Affairs
The issue that dominates the peace process pursued by the Indian and Pakistani governments on Kashmir since 2004 is about the control of the Siachen Glacier in the region, the world’s highest battlefield. Although a ceasefire has been in place since 2003, thousands of troops on both sides continue to eyeball each other across the extreme terrain.
The purpose is not just to brief diplomats about their strategies in their parleys with their host countries but also an act of public diplomacy in terms of symbolism.
With tensions between India and Pakistan showing no signs of receding sources say there is increasing speculation that Pakistan and the UK may be considering the idea of extraditing certain individuals to the UK to satisfy India’s immediate concerns.
While the Indian Navy has every right to arrest pirates anywhere on the high seas, the problem of what to do with them is one that many countries have been struggling with since the upsurge in piracy in the Gulf of Aden.
There are more than fifteen good reasons for the confusion that has been India’s maritime security structure. In addition to the Navy and the Coast Guard, that is the number of departments that have a role to play in maritime security and virtually no two agencies, except for the Navy and Coast Guard actually actively coordinate with each other.
There was utter confusion at the Ministry of Defense with no one willing to take responsibilty for a decision on the situation leaving the Navy exasperated and furious.
In 2006, French Judge Jean-Louis Bruguiere issued warrants for the arrest of several Rwandan leaders including the current Rwandan President Kagame as well as Ambassador Nyamwasa to be tried for alleged complicity in the killing of the ethnic Hutu President Juvenal Habyarimana which sparked off the genocide of ethnic Tutsis in Rwanda in the 1990s.
But again in February this year, in a case reminiscent of the Pinochet case, a Spanish court indicted 40 Rwandans including Ambassador Nyamwasa for several counts of genocide, human rights abuses and terrorism in the 1990s.
In July 2006, the Nepalese Parliament ordered the Government to ratify the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. According to Articles 12 and 13 of the Statute, the Court can exercise jurisdiction over any crime committed in the territory of a state party to the statute or any crime committed by a national of a state party to the statute. So, would the actions of Nepalese Gorkhas in the Indian army come under the jurisdiction of the Court if the Nepalese Government ratifies the Statute?